A National Social Insurance Fund is in existence. In 2006, the government spent approximately 5.3 per cent of its total budget on healthcare (down from 6.5 per cent in 2000), accounting for 69.5 per cent of all healthcare spending. Total expenditure on healthcare equated to 2.2 per cent of the country's GDP. Per capita expenditure on health was approximately US$19, compared with US$12 in 2000. In 2006, there were 313 doctors (1 per 10,000 population), 1,893 nurses and midwives (6 per 10,000 population), and 64 dentists (2 per 10,000 population).
In 2006, 70 per cent of the urban population and 54 per cent of the rural population had sustainable access to an improved water source. In the same year, 44 per cent of the urban population and 10 per cent of the rural population had sustainable access to improved sanitation. Diarrhoea accounts for 16 per cent of deaths of children aged less than five. In 2006 life expectancy was put at 58 years.
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